A Cliché is a phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought. Ex. Live and learn.
An Idiom is an expression, word or phrase whose meaning cannot be predicted from the meanings of the given words. Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.
A Metaphor is a figure of speech that uses an image, story or a tangible item to represent something less tangible. Ex. Her eyes were glistening jewels.
A Proverb is a short saying that condenses common experience into a memorable form. Ex. Practice makes perfect.
A Simile is a figure of speech that compares two different things, usually by using ‘like’ or ‘as.’ Ex. You drink like a fish.